Are you a Spanish resident with offshore assets? Have you reported them to the Spanish government? Read Andalucía Lawyer’s guide to find out why, when and how.
Introduced in 2012 by the Spanish government as a measure against tax fraud, Spain’s 720 informative tax form means Spanish residents are required to report certain classes of offshore assets to the Spanish government. This is not a tax, nor is the information given as part of any tax return, it is simply a requirement to report information about assets. Nevertheless, it is reasonable to assume that the form will be compared to any wealth tax and income tax returns submitted.
Who is obliged to submit this tax form?
Only Spanish residents are required to report their overseas assets.
Am I a Spanish resident?
Individuals become officially resident in Spain for tax purposes if they live more than 183 days of the calendar year on Spanish territory or if the principal centre of activity or physical base of their economic interests is in Spain.
For more detailed information on how tax residency is established or if you are unsure about whether or not you are a Spanish resident, read our article How Do I Know if I’m a Spanish Resident or Non-resident for Tax Purposes?
What must be declared?
There are three classes of assets. If the value of your offshore assets or income on 31 December amounts to over €50,000 in any one of the following three categories then you are required to submit a 720 informative tax declaration:
- Offshore accounts held with financial institutions e.g. banks and building societies.
- All types of immovable property and rights on real estate located abroad.
- Foreign shares, securities and other offshore assets including:
– Life or disability insurance policies.
– Temporal or lifetime annuity generated from the lending of money, rights, investments or other assets (including immovable) in foreign entities.
You are obliged to report assets if you are the owner, holder, beneficiary, authorised signatory, authorised recipient, representative, proxy holder or have the authority to dispose of the asset. This includes assets held by trusts, companies and fiduciaries.
Valuation of Assets
- Investments traded on the open market are valued at their market value on 31 December.
- The value of other investments is set at that published on the latest balance sheet.
- The value of a property is deemed to be its purchase price.
Jointly Held Assets
In the case of jointly held assets, such as between spouses, a 720 form must be submitted by each individual declaring the total value of the asset, even if your personal share of the asset amounts to less than €50,000.
When is the deadline?
The yearly deadline for submitting the 720 informative tax form is 31 March. If you submitted form 720 last year, you only need to submit it again this year if:
- The total of any category of assets has grown by more than €20,000.
- You sold an asset or closed an account.
- You obtained a new asset.
If you have become resident in Spain during the last year and own offshore assets that mean you are obliged to present the 720 tax form, you must file it without fail between 1 January and the 31 March deadline.
How do I submit the 720 tax form?
The 720 tax form can only be submitted online. Due to its complexity, the long list of what assets and income do and don’t need to be included and the threat of hefty fines for failure to file the form, providing erroneous information, omitting assets and late submission, we strongly suggest you get in touch with us to take care of this on your behalf.
Following the introduction of the 720 informative tax form, several official complaints were made to the EU claiming that the huge and disproportionate fines and the lack of any statute of limitations on obligations imposed infringed on EU law. As a result, in 2015 the European Commission launched an investigation and in light of its findings opened an infringement procedure against the Spanish government. If Spain is required to change its law this process could take several years. In the meantime, you still need to submit your 720 form as outlined above.
We can prepare and submit the 720 informative tax form on your behalf. Please contact us for more information.
We also offer a resident tax advice service for a set annual fee: